Monday, September 8, 2014

How and Why Man Invented Cities

Conner Lewis, World History 4                                                             9/9/14
Thoughts and Reflections On: How Man Invented Cities
Article by John Pfiffer

                                          How and Why Man Made Civilization
Man created cities through a series of events. The gathering of people near coasts and marshes to hunt the fish and fowl that had appeared in new places from the flood caused higher concentrations of people in less area. The lack of a nomadic lifestyle caused miscarriages to grow fewer in number, leading to an even higher population. To support this population on the rise people resorted to agriculture, which completely stopped people from being nomads, because it forced them to tend to one area of crops. This gathering of people around farms and lush areas led to villages, which grew to towns, which then grew to cities since the massive food surplus and population growth meant it kept expanding. Man invented cities all around the world, from Central America, to the Yellow River in China, to Mesopotamia. The first cities however, appeared in the Susiana Plain, which is found in modern day Iran, at about 6000 BC. Man invented cities in order to house and feed the rising population. Many people stayed near the areas which had been flooded, and wanted to stay there since there was easy meals. The large population could only be supported by a plentiful and reliable source of food. The source they chose was agriculture. Agriculture can feed the new population but in order to do so it requires a large workforce. Irrigation requires centralization and organization to keep the canals clear and that requires people who just manage the workforce. This all developed into cities full of farmers and aristocrats. That is why man invented cities.

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