Conner Lewis, World History 4 10/1/14
Thoughts and Reflections On: Cadillac Desert
Article by Marc Reisney
Mesopotamian Environment Change
The Mesopotamians lived in the Fertile Crescent, between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, which is a great place for farming. However the Mesopotamians did not live within the confines of their environment because they used irrigation to allow for crops to grow even when rain did not come. Irrigation allows for a good harvest to be mostly ensured, because even if a drought occurs they can rely on water coming from the nearby water source through their canals. It also keeps soil healthy because the nutrients needed for soil to keep plants alive is brought and absorbed into the soil from the canals. Mesopotamians such as the Sumerians allowed for safer farming through irrigation but they also allowed for farming to occur in places it otherwise wouldn't have and on a much grander scale. Instead of being forced to farm along rivers and in very fertile areas, they could dig canals and irrigate land they wished to use. This meant even more land was viable. Irrigation also allowed for farming to occur over much larger areas because since more land could be kept fertile, a farmer could own larger amounts of land instead of small sets of fields along natural streams and rivers.