Shiva was believed to be a destroyer. He was believed to have destroyed the world periodically when it was in chaos and ungodliness state. He would then recreate the world an make it peaceful again. Shiva is one of the 3 principal gods of Hinduism. Shiva I is also believed to be the source of good and evil. He wears a 3rd eye to represent wisdom and untamed energy. Shiva is important to ancient India because it brings peace and order to the world when in a bad situation and allows people to have peaceful lives.
Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world. Hinduism originated 8,000 years ago during the Neolithic Era. Hinduism was supposedly started in the Indus Valley. Hinduism has a large sphere of influence primarily in places: Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. In Hinduism the soul is in a cycle of death and rebirth. The character of the soul is determined by karma. Hinduism is important to ancient India because it is the main religion but it also
Ganesha was the lord of strength and wisdom. To represent strength and wisdom Ganesha had an elephant head. People in India prayed to Ganesha before a long journey to bring them success. Ganesha is the son of Shiva and Parvati. In many pictures of Ganesha his fingers are depicted pointing up as a gesture of protection. Ganesha is important to ancient India because they believe that he protects them and gives them strength.
The Ganges River is a river coming from the Himalayas which flows down into India and parallel with the mountains. It is crucial, along with the Indus River, in feeding the people of India. It provides water for over 1 billion people. For this it is revered by the Hindus as a god, as the god Ganga. They believe that Ganga was water of the heaven, however was ordered to go to earth. The gods were worried this would flood the earth, so Shiva caught her fall in his locks. His locks then became the rivers, and so Ganga is supposed to be within each river. It is considered so holy that even looking at the Ganges can cleanse a Hindu of sins from a previous life. People also cleanse in the Ganges for the same reason.
Lakshmi is the goddess of beauty , wealth, and prosperity. She is the associate of Vishnu. She is represented as a beautiful woman with four arms. She is also often depicted sitting or standing on a lotus bud. Her four arms each represent something. They are artha (worldly wealth and success), kama (pleasure and desire), dharma(righteousness), and moksha ( knowledge and liberation). She is usually holding something in each of her four arms. In her two front arms she is holding a lotus flower in each hand. They are the symbol of purity and fertility. In her back two arms she is holding gold coins in each hand. They are the symbol of wealth. Lakshmi is important to Ancient India because she is someone that the ancient Indians could pray to when they didn’t have much wealth or were in a bad place in their lives.