Chinese Philosophy Activity
Religions and Philosophy differ in several ways. Religions are beliefs which explain creation, purpose and the afterlife. They explain not only what to do in this life, but particularly why individuals exist and what happens after death. It also covers how the universe came to exist. Philosophies focus upon how to live this life both ethically and morally. They focus on how to be a good person and what is expected of an individual in society. They do not concern themselves with divinity or spirituality, and focus upon this life and how it can be lived correctly.
Confucianism and Legalism are philosophies, they focus on how life should be lived and what is expected both morally and ethically of an individual and a state. They cover how people should behave in society and life, and not what comes after this life or what came before. Taoism and Buddhism are religions, but also philosophies. They cover not only how the universe was created, what the divine being is, and what comes next, but also how this life should be spent. Taoists believe that order and equilibrium should be the goal of all people, and that life should be spent in non-action. Buddhists believe in the Eight-fold path, which consists of teachings and instructions on how this life should be spent, and what the correct way of life is. It also states that this life should be spent doing good deeds so that others may be better than the last.