"Against this backdrop, it becomes clear that Haiti’s population growth is a symptom, not a cause, of its poverty." - RH Reality Check
The Haitian people wanted to rise from poverty and improve their nation, but wealthy landlords and foreign investors continued to use Haitians and treat them poorly, so the Haitians were unable to create a strong developed nation which would provide healthcare, family planning, and infrastructure and had to remain as low income subsistence farmers, then the Haitian population exploded as the poor subsistence farmers needed children to work on their land.
The Population Fizzle
The Population Surprise
Human Geography: Chapter Two
US Population Drop
Essay Question: What do The Population Surprise, Human Geography: Chapter Two, and the US Population Drop have to say about how a lower population will affect the economy both locally and globally?
"You can't legislate demographics. But it doesn't mean you shouldn't worry about it." While its affects may not be as obvious as war, disease, famine, or natural disasters, the decline of populations across the developed world is one of the largest economic crises which the modern world has ever had the displeasure of facing. To many, the problem is too large and too frightening for them to even acknowledge it is happening, and for this reason most politicians and media sites would prefer to talk about how there are too many people in the world, rather than look at how there are beginning to be too less and less in many nations. The Population Surprise acts as a case which prove that the claims that population could never shrink is very misinformed, while Human Geography: Chapter Two shows the processes by which demographers can identify, quantify, and analyze changes in population across the globe to gather this information. The article US Population Drop shows an inkling of how a drop in population could effect a nation in the long wrong.
As has been said before, the first step in fixing a problem is accepting that there is one, however despite this fact many people still refuse to believe that population could ever drop, and refuse to look at the repercussions this could have in the long run both globally and regionally. The Population Surprise acts to inform people that the problem is real, and that it is pertinent even now. Both readings point out how average total fertility rates across the globe, at least in developed countries, are plummeting to record lows. While 2.1 is considered the required birth rate to replace those that die, some rates are dropping to as low as 1.2 in Italy. This means that some nations are already in the final phase shown on demographic transition models, in which the population's birth rates fall below its own death rates. Now this does not account for immigration and emigration throughout the population, but it does show that there is a fall overall, and although immigration may solve a nation's problem initially, after a while immigration will stop and the continuous fall in birth rates mean that the trend in a nation will be a decline. The reason for this decline in the number of children a family life expectancy goes up in nations such as Germany, the need for the smaller younger generations to support the larger older ones simply increases as well. To many, after being told so many times of the population explosion which has been occurring since the Industrial Revolution, the concept that any country could have a population that is shrinking is very foreign, even as they accept that developed nations have fewer and fewer children. Another reason this is foreign is that often times people are told of the overpopulation of areas such as central China and northern India, but never does one look to areas like Italy or Sweden to see how their population is plummeting, as the effects of a smaller population are much more subtle, yet just as alarming.
While many try to refute the falling populations of the world, Human Geography: Chapter Two explains the processes through which demographers know that the population is truly falling. Through models such as the demographic transition model, demographers can clearly see the global trend in crude death rates and crude birth rates are both headed downwards, and while the birth rates may seem to be above the death rates, the models show that eventually, as with places like Sweden and Germany, the deaths will balance out while the births will continue to plummet. Demographers can also use a nation's census to examine how the makeup of a population changes and can examine the number of immigrants to a nation. While a census is never perfect, it can give demographers a general idea on how much a nation is relying on immigrants to sustain their own population. In nations such as the United States, the population is able to remain steady due to immigrants, while nations such as Germany and Japan are finding this much more difficult. Through the use of the census and the compiling of dot maps and demographic transitional models, which allow for a visual representation of population density in the world, demographers can compare current models to those taken from the years before and see that the total fertility rate as well as the natural increase around the globe is on a trend so that it may soon head downwards. Many demographers predict that the world will soon peak in terms of population in about fifty years,
The reading US Population Drop describes the negative impact a smaller population will have on a nation as a whole. It describes how much of a families spending goes to their children, for housing, food, and other necessities, and how upon removing this staple from the economy, much of the focus will shift. This will also mean that much less of the money which goes to families will be spent, as young children are the primary reason that families need to spend money, which is needed to stimulate the economy. Children require much more, and these needs only grow exponentially as a
All in all the population drop will be the cause of a large economic implosion if no steps are taken, for as the demand falls, the supply must fall with it, and currently the world's economy is not poised to handle this implosion. Demographers have and continue to prove that the population will fall, it is simply a matter of time, and so with this knowledge the real question is, what will the world do about it.
Haitian women are beginning to use birth control despite taboos due to the lack of opportunity, overpopulation, and lack of medical knowledge which leads to hundreds of births during childbirth as well as a high infant and child mortality rate.