"China: Beijing issues historic 'red alert' as pollution levels soar" - RT
The city of Beijing wanted to have both an industrial and clean city but their industry created too much pollution, causing Beijing's air to become potentially dangerous, so the city decided to come up with a solution which could push smog away from the city, in an effort to preserve its industry, then they came up with the idea of making ventilation corridors which run along key paths through the city such as roads and subways in an effort to use the wind as well as the geography of the city to push the smog away from Beijing.
Human Geography: Chapter Nine
How a Brazilian City has Revolutionized Urban Planning
Mapping the Great Housing Divide
America's Great Fitness Divide
What Snow Tells Us About Creating Better Public Spaces in Philadelphia
Essay Question: What do Human Geography: Chapter Nine, How a Brazilian City has Revolutionized Urban Planning, Mapping the Great Housing Divide, America's Great Fitness Divide, and What Snow Tells Us About Creating Better Public Spaces in Philadelphia say about what the model of a city can tell about its area?
Although not easily discernible on the ground level, the model of an areas standard city can actually show a lot about that areas past as well as present. The way a city forms, along with how it grows and changes its environment over time, is directly tied to the attitude and ideology of its people, along with their past and present identity. It is also tied to that areas economic and political situation and, in a sense, is a reflection of the people who live there. In Human Geography: Chapter Nine, several different models for very different parts of the world, along with a description of the processes and the nature of cities themselves, as well as how they grow and change over time to reflect the people living in them. The video How a Brazilian City Has Revolutionized Urban Planning is a perfect example of how a city can not only reflect its people, but also how a change in the city can cause a change in the attitude of its citizens as well. The article Mapping the Great Housing Divide discusses how America's class divide is no longer just seen between cities and suburbs, but also within cities themselves, from block to block, as a reflection of the economic situations within the country. The next article, America's Great Fitness Divide, is a great article in showing how correlations can occur as cities begin to reflect the attitude of their people in more way than one, as well as how cities can often bring many people who bear the same attitude together, leading to agglomerations of certain industries, people, and other unique features. The final article, What Snow Tells Us About Creating Better Public Spaces in Philadelphia, shows how a city can also be used to reflect habits in more ways than one. All of these sources combine to help prove the point that cities reflect their people directly, from their actions, to their beliefs, to even their economic stand point, and for this reason it is important to study cities more.
Continuing on the discussion which was held earlier on how the American love for the automobile in part caused and was caused by the development of large urban sprawls, one city in Brazil, Curitiba, is a clear representation on how changing a city can also change the people who live in it. By removing many streets, adding in a more extensive public transportation system, and installing large parks to surround much of the city, the mayor Jaime Lerner was able to change the attitude of the people of Curitiba into one which accepts the concept of public transport as well as walking to destinations from one which was constantly causing massive traffic jams due to the levels of traffic in the area. This, along with the practice of trading produce for trash in poorer neighborhoods, has led to a cleaner more efficient city. By progressively attempting to make his city more sustainable, Lerner was able to change the attitude of the city to be one more open to new ideas as well as one more concerned with the welfare and sustainability of the city. The next article, Mapping the Great Housing Divide, highlights how the divide between classes in America is growing larger and larger. The article notes how before, this separation could really only be seen in how the wealthy and upper middle class tended to live in the suburbs, and the middle to lower classes lived in the city, but as the issue worsens divides can be seen more clearly even in the city. Different neighborhoods of each city is slowly starting to see itself on one side of a divide which is that of those neighborhoods skyrocketing in value, and those plummeting. This is the latest result of an issue which has been plaguing America for a while, which is that of how as the class divide grows larger and larger, the notable difference in living conditions grows ever clearer. This is an example of how economic factors can be clearly represented in cities, and can be used to depict issues in modern day society through the examination of the conditions of our most populous areas. This is another way through which cities can depict an area's situation. America's Great Fitness Divide is an article which discusses the correlation of a cities rank on the American Fitness Index with other key factors, from income per capita to human capital. It found that things which are generally positive, such as high income per capita, a large high tech industry, large college graduate populations, and high levels of innovation (measured through numbers of patents made) were also common in cities with better Fitness Indexes. This correlation can be attributed to the attitude of more educated peoples, as well as being a depiction of how cities will often be comprised of like minded individuals. The reason for this is that people who grow up in a city will generally adopt the attitude of that city towards certain issues, and then like minded individuals from other areas will move in, while the minority dissent will start to trickle out. This leads to the creation of trends across cities, as they adopt a largely unanimous attitude towards certain things due to the creation of a single general ideology across the city. This is clear depiction of how cities model can be used to glean information about its people, as through this study it can be found that if a city has high amounts of high tech industry, it will usually have high income per capita along with a good fitness index. This is another reason that the study of city models is important. The final article What Snow Tells Us About Creating Better Public Spaces in Philadelphia, discusses how the study of areas of snow not affected by cars or traffic in the city of Philadelphia on the road has led to the better understanding of driver habits in the city, allowing for the creation of better road designs to be discovered. This an important way through which a city can represent its populace's habits, as it can depict where its people drive and park, and where they avoid. While not as mind blowing as learning other facts, it is simply another way through which a city can reflect the attitude and personality of the people who live in it.
All of these articles further depict how cities are representations of the attitudes and beliefs of those who live in it. Chapter Nine brought forth the models which were very clear depictions the differences between the different regions they represented, while the video How a Brazilian City Has Revolutionized Urban Planning showed how a city can reflect itself on its people as well. The articles Mapping the Great Housing Divide, What Snow Tells Us About Creating Better Public Spaces in Philadelphia and America's Great Fitness Divide all showed how a city represents both the attitude, background, ideology, and even economic situation of those who live in it. Through all of this it can be seen that the study of cities is very important, as it can provide key insights into the personality of the people who live in them.