Wednesday, September 28, 2016

American Agrarianism Assignment

Conner Lewis
09/28/16
American Agrarianism Assignment

          American Progress, an 1872 painting by John Gast, is a good representation of American Agrarianism and how it shaped the attitude of Americans and their concept of Manifest Destiny. The image reflects the attitude of farmers such as Jefferson, and his belief that as the righteous and virtuous people, it was the right of farmers to continue to expand across what would eventually be the American West in order to spread their lifestyle. The American people were spreading out so that they too could leave the cities and become farmers, who were considered the better and less corrupted people. They were spreading the ideals of self-sufficient farmers on the backs of families and hard working people, and although they were followed by urban advancements such as railroads and eventually cities (as seen behind the wagons), the initial advancement into this new land was done by the farmers. This also displays the ideals of Salatin, as the small farmers were advancing to gain new land so that they could provide for themselves and their neighbors as the yeomen farmers had, and not relying on others for their sustenance. It is a perfect merger of the ideas of American agrarianism and Manifest Destiny, showing how America grew on the backs of small farmers and families who provided for themselves without the corruption of city life.




Friday, September 9, 2016

Linkage Activity About Virginia and Bacon's Rebellion

Conner Lewis
09/09/16
AP US History

Linkage Activity About Virginia and Bacon's Rebellion

     During the 17th century, the colony of Virginia was founded by the London Company in the hopes of finding gold to mine as the Spanish had in South America. Instead of finding gold, they discovered that they could cultivate tobacco in Virginia, a plant native to the New World that was addictive, and sell it for very large profits back in the Old World. This discovery led to a need for more labor, as the act of growing tobacco is very labor-intensive, which in turn led to many rich colonists using indentured servitude to satisfy their labor needs. Indentured servitude in Virginia involved paying to send Europeans to Virginia to work for a certain number of years with no pay, and when their term was up they would be free men, however even while being indentured servants they were able to bear arms should the need arise to defend the colony. As more and more indentured servants were shipped to Virginia, some even being Africans, and the number of this landless class grew, tensions began to arise between the wealthy plantation owners and the discontent indentured servants until finally, in 1676 Bacon's Rebellion erupted with hundreds of previously indentured servants taking up arms against the wealthy class in an effort to free themselves from their contracts, however they failed after their leader Nathaniel Bacon died and British soldiers arrived to quell them. After this rebellion, the wealthy plantation owners knew that having a class of white servants who could also bear arms could lead to further rebellions, and thus decided to turn to slavery, and especially the enslavement of Africans, as Africans did not have the right to bear arms and were thus much less of a threat to the wealthy class, which caused the rise of slavery in the Virginia colony and the shipment of Africans to the New World.